Tending the farm is a vital piece of creating great pearls. Developing pearl clams is the same as developing any harvest; the farm must be tended frequently for the pearl shellfish to develop well and deliver brilliant pearls. The accompanying are the most critical farm administration exercises:
Visit the farm no less than like clockwork to review it for any upkeep needs. At the point when going by the farm, search for harmed or missing lines and buoys. Make certain the profundity of the line is 16-19 ft (5-6 m). If necessary, conform the profundity of the line by including buoys or fixing the grapple lines.
Ensure none of the pearl shellfish have tumbled off or been stolen. Tally what number of pearl clams have kicked the bucket and keep a record of this. Successive visits will likewise permit you to judge when the pearl clams should be cleaned.
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Clean the pearl clams and lines month to month.
Pearl clams must be cleaned of the fouling living beings that develop on their shells. On the off chance that left for long stretches, these life forms can drill through the shell or rival the pearl clams for nourishment. A few sorts of fouling life forms can develop between the shells and keep the pearl shellfish from shutting totally. Fouling on the lines and pearl clams can bring about the line to sink under the expanded weight. Continuous removing so as to clean will make the occupation simpler the fouling life forms while they are still little and effortlessly evacuated.
Cleaning should be possible by tenderly removing the fouling life forms with a blade or a steel-wire brush. Automated cleaning machines that utilization high power planes to evacuate fouling are accessible. Another option is to utilize a high-weight pressure driven sprayer intended for use with seawater. Understand that cleaning is unpleasant for the pearl shellfish, and if done too generally or too every now and again, could prompt low quality pearls. Pearl clams ought not be cleaned more regularly than once every month, since they require time to recoup from the anxiety. It is typically not important to clean them more every now and again than this at any rate. The farmer must strike a harmony between keeping the pearl clams adequately spotless, not over-focusing on the creature and squandering important time.
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There might be sure territories inside of a tidal pond where farming happens more quickly than in others. On the off chance that you encounter overwhelming fouling or fouling by especially harming creatures, for example, the exhausting wipe, you might need to consider moving the farm. Continuously handle the pearl shellfish delicately amid cleaning. Abstain from keeping pearl shellfish out of the water for over 20 minutes or somewhere in the vicinity. The shellfish ought to dependably be laid on their sides so water does not spill out of the shell. On the off chance that the pearl clams start to open, that demonstrates they have been kept out of the water too long.
At the point when cleaning by hand with blades, attempt to be as tender as could be allowed. Abstain from breaking the edge of the shell. Regrowing shell takes vitality and this could back off pearl advancement. Try not to toss the waste from cleaning into the tidal pond or farm zone. Squanders from cleaning, dead pearl clams or other junk will contaminate the water and could hurt the pearl shellfish. It ought to be covered ashore or discarded at sea outside of the tidal pond region.
Keep records of the work you do.
Record the work done every time you visit the farm; for instance, what number of new pearl shellfish were added to the farm, what number of kicked the bucket, what amount was spent on materials for the farm and whatever other data. Exhaustive records are valuable for monitoring costs, misfortunes and if any issue, for example, disease or mortality happens, the records might give data that might offer you some assistance with determining the cause.
Keep the pearl clams solid by gathering and taking care of them appropriately.
See the “Taking care of and transport” area on Page 35 for rules on taking care of pearl clams.
Keep predators from eating or harming pearl clams. All pearl clams are powerless against assault from predators, yet little spat are particularly liable to be eaten by predators. At the point when utilizing compartments, for example, lamp wicker bin or trays to hold little pearl clam spat, check consistently for predators, for example, crabs or snails, which effectively attack and cover up in these holders. Ruthless snails (Cymatium spp.) can slaughter a few pearl clams once they enter a compartment. Snails tend to stow away in hole and under pearl clams, so a careful, week after week review is required. The fundamental risk to pearl clams holding tight chaplets are savage fishes, for example, trigger fish and rays, which have solid jaws equipped for pulverizing even grown-up pearl shellfish.
Shield the farm from vandalism and burglary.
Burglary and vandalism usually cause monetary misfortunes on pearl shellfish farms. Keep this by siting the farm where you can watch it from your home. In any event, attempt to keep its area a mystery by submerging the whole farm. Farms have in some cases lost up to 20% of their pearls to robbery. Pearls are profitable and farms are frequently left unattended. Anybody entering your farm ought to be observed at all times.
Article source: The Basic Methods of Pearl Farming, Author: A Layman’s ManualMaria Haws, Ph.D. (Chief, Pearl Research and Training Program, Pacific Aquaculture and Coastal Resources Center, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, HI 96720 USA, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, Publication No. 127, March 2002)
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